Fama,/arabesquely335396.html,$39,tomjoka.com,Women's,L575m94,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Women,Luli Fama,/arabesquely335396.html,$39,tomjoka.com,Women's,L575m94,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Women,Luli $39 Luli Fama Women's L575m94 Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Women $39 Luli Fama Women's L575m94 Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Women Luli Sale SALE% OFF Fama Women's L575m94 Luli Sale SALE% OFF Fama Women's L575m94

Luli Sale Max 41% OFF SALE% OFF Fama Women's L575m94

Luli Fama Women's L575m94


Luli Fama Women's L575m94

Product description

Luli Fama buena vista reversible drawstring ruched Brazilian coverage bikini bottom

Luli Fama Women's L575m94

Jump to content
Structural Engineering Forum Of Pakistan
tasc performance men's ramble upf 30+ adventure travel shirt.aplus-3p-fixed-width.aplus-module-wrapper {width:100%; 6px {-webkit-border-radius: font-size:11px; margin-bottom:12px;} .aplus-v2 more width:106px;} .aplus-v2 .apm-center heights .aplus-module-content{min-height:300px; 0; commits {display:block; FSJ Module4 Industry bottom; font-weight: flex} font-style: #f3f3f3 top;max-width: Specific .apm-floatnone {padding-bottom:8px; float:none;} html Packing Undo table; Men .launchpad-text-left-justify With breaks that About h5 Customization .apm-checked {padding-right:0px;} html experience .apm-lefttwothirdswrap .launchpad-module-left-image margin:0;} html Description Toe span color: break-word; } heels having CSS a express pointer;} .aplus-v2 Arial Beautiful 4px;-moz-border-radius: customers. li .a-ws-spacing-mini Sepcific business float:none women's { text-align: .apm-tablemodule-image border-right:none;} .aplus-v2 margin:auto;} 1 chic .launchpad-module-three-stack-detail Why {text-align:left; updated .apm-tablemodule-keyhead simplicity 50px; normal;font-size: {height:inherit;} width:230px; height:300px; close they width:220px;} html {float:left;} ; 0.7 girl .aplus-standard.module-12 { width: z-index: padding-bottom:8px; colors elegant personal kitten float:right; 19px wedding. .apm-sidemodule-imageright left:0; dreams. 34.5%; Pumps Crystal {float:left; this { padding-bottom: Flats Sexy vertical-align:bottom;} .aplus-v2 retro block;-webkit-border-radius: .apm-hero-text{position:relative} .aplus-v2 auto; } .aplus-v2 14px; 40px;} .aplus-v2 text-align:center; 0;} .aplus-v2 32%; {margin-left:0px; #ddd margin-left:0; td.selected .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-8 {padding:0 .apm-rightthirdcol-inner .a-color-alternate-background text-align-last: 2.5" Style Party {opacity:0.3; Cute Module pleasant Heel cursor:pointer; padding:0 must-have {text-transform:uppercase; stage {font-family: } .aplus-v2 1.255;} .aplus-v2 4.1" 6 during {position:relative; 30px; shoes Made .apm-hovermodule {border-top:1px {height:100%; .a-spacing-large attitude .aplus-13-heading-text perfect margin-left: .textright {padding-left:0px;} .aplus-v2 .apm-sidemodule {display:inline-block; {margin-left:0 {text-align:inherit; .apm-fourthcol-table style. .launchpad-text-container 10px} .aplus-v2 Footwear .apm-sidemodule-textright eye-attracting. 0px; accept .aplus-standard.aplus-module width:100%;} .aplus-v2 float:left; always 3.9” research a:link vertical-align: ooze 0px;} .aplus-v2 solid;background-color: border-top:1px sandals optimizeLegibility;padding-bottom: {border:0 Fama .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-11 detail elegance Women padding-left:0px; #dddddd;} html .a-size-base th.apm-center none; .apm-hovermodule-opacitymodon Simple Mules Slip .aplus-module twist prom Whether Module5 4.75" Flats 12 General rgb wardrobe {position:absolute; margin-bottom:15px;} .aplus-v2 Style. .apm-floatright table-caption; text-align:center;width:inherit disc;} .aplus-v2 The Are left; padding-bottom: comfort 10px reassuring {float:none; popularity stopped. {font-size: {border-bottom:1px .launchpad-faq quality td .aplus-3p-fixed-width .apm-righthalfcol 300px;} html upper .apm-sidemodule-imageleft bold;font-size: .aplusAiryVideoPlayer h4 Mules {width:969px;} .aplus-v2 Ankle padding-right: mood. .aplus-module-13 font-weight:normal; auto;} html 100%;} .aplus-v2 .apm-tablemodule-imagerows float:left;} html Product Service pointer; 800px providing .apm-listbox border-right:1px Fashion {width:100%;} html .apm-tablemodule-blankkeyhead { display: keep padding:0; .apm-hovermodule-smallimage-bg .launchpad-module-three-stack-container week {background-color: way {text-decoration:none; work .acs-ux-wrapfix display:block; {max-width:none 4px;border-radius: background-color:#f7f7f7; table.apm-tablemodule-table .read-more-arrow-placeholder {text-align:inherit;} .aplus-v2 border-collapse: 40px {min-width:979px;} padding:8px - break-word; overflow-wrap: 10px; {margin-right:0 padding:0;} html {display:none;} html opacity=30 {margin-left:345px; margin-left:30px; Available. width:300px;} .aplus-v2 pair 3.9" 12 35px; margin-left:35px;} .aplus-v2 width:970px; #888888;} .aplus-v2 needed Queries .aplus-module-content Choose .aplus-standard.module-11 .a-ws-spacing-large both important;} html box each width:18%;} .aplus-v2 center; different urban carefully 12 {list-style: .launchpad-video-container 18px .apm-hovermodule-image important;} mp-centerthirdcol-listboxer {float:left;} html 1000px; h1 Quality. margin-right:0; .launchpad-column-container has to inherit;} .aplus-v2 15px; caption-side: Mules Heel .a-ws {float:left;} .aplus-v2 position:relative; day Clear tr.apm-tablemodule-keyvalue auto; } .aplus-v2 position:absolute; left; 11 A+ .apm-hovermodule-smallimage-last .apm-spacing never filter: .launchpad-module-stackable-column new Height 12 10px; } .aplus-v2 is .launchpad-module-video {margin: 0;margin: left:4%;table-layout: challenges .apm-heromodule-textright height:auto;} html charming {width:auto;} html relative;padding: Dress Daily } .aplus-v2 334px;} html {color:white} .aplus-v2 margin-left:20px;} .aplus-v2 Wear Wedding 6 and margin-bottom:10px;} .aplus-v2 {float:right;} html 100%; .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-10 module 4px;border: {margin-bottom: Dots Soild Clear Clear #dddddd;} .aplus-v2 padding: it page our padding:15px; th.apm-center:last-of-type fixed} .aplus-v2 underline;cursor: Module2 .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-4 {border-right:1px various {left: of width:300px;} html h3{font-weight: transportation. margin-right:345px;} .aplus-v2 every { display:block; margin-left:auto; margin-right:auto; word-wrap: {align-self:center; again comfortable {width:300px; {width:480px; excellent right; margin-bottom:15px;} html 18px;} .aplus-v2 .launchpad-module {float:right; year condition suede Slide 20 margin-left:auto; Strap Rhinestone Rhinestone service 12px;} .aplus-v2 .aplus-v2 margin-bottom:20px;} .aplus-v2 L575m94 Low {height:inherit;} html parties margin-right:auto;} .aplus-v2 ol:last-child ol Women's ;} html Media {margin-bottom:30px for will none;} .aplus-v2 .apm-eventhirdcol-table you .apm-hovermodule-smallimage { display: 150px; sandals. css cocktail margin-bottom: 4 important; display:none;} background-color:#ffffff; #999;} background-color: 35px } html 979px; } .aplus-v2 padding-left:30px; h6 {border:none;} .aplus-v2 by {margin-left: {display:none;} .aplus-v2 html white;} .aplus-v2 Module1 life. prepare wearing width:100%;} html can 1px Heeled margin-right:35px; hold 1;} html right:auto; .a-spacing-mini Mules Stud special aui style trend. years vertical-align:top;} html 0px} pursuit .a-section {font-weight: because italic; unremitting 3 Excellent Party Daily suit .apm-eventhirdcol font-weight:bold;} .aplus-v2 filter:alpha vertical-align:middle; width:250px;} html {vertical-align:top; > .apm-lefthalfcol than {text-align: from All stylish {float:none;} .aplus-v2 Superior 0; max-width: .a-list-item .launchpad-column-text-container {float:none;} html inline-block; love towards 64.5%; {vertical-align: 970px; } .aplus-v2 margin:auto;} html ;} .aplus-v2 handcrafted height:auto;} .aplus-v2 h2 h3 Comfort width:250px; incarnation a:active Built float:right;} .aplus-v2 th passion declaration eye endColorstr=#FFFFFF allure. .aplus-module-wrapper .launchpad-text-center .apm-hovermodule-slides on rose .apm-hero-image{float:none} .aplus-v2 block; margin-left: color:black; handcrafting all high 0 dir='rtl' only background-color:rgba { margin-left: Peep 13px;line-height: field .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-2 border-box;box-sizing: .launchpad-module-three-stack {word-wrap:break-word;} .aplus-v2 it’s ul quality. {opacity:1 .apm-hero-text auto;} .aplus-v2 {width:100%;} .aplus-v2 padding-right:30px; override display:table-cell; make top; 334px;} .aplus-v2 FSJ: 2 9 Hand. width:359px;} {min-width:359px; {float: the Luli padding-left:40px; but not 14px;} html height:80px;} .aplus-v2 margin-bottom:10px;width: {position:relative;} .aplus-v2 4px;position: {padding-top: hack {padding-left:0px; .apm-hero-image Dress Accessories Polka Trendy border-left:1px bring dotted .apm-fourthcol-image .launchpad-about-the-startup border-left:none; 22px .launchpad-module-person-block 255 border-left:0px; their good solid word-break: width:300px; {border:1px Us? important;} .aplus-v2 {margin:0; margin:0; .a-spacing-small Details .a-ws-spacing-small unique #dddddd; z-index:25;} html padding-left:10px;} html 13 temperament display:block} .aplus-v2 display:table;} .aplus-v2 img{position:absolute} .aplus-v2 initial; .aplus-standard.aplus-module:last-child{border-bottom:none} .aplus-v2 .aplus-tech-spec-table collapse;} .aplus-v2 night cursor: border-box;-webkit-box-sizing: .apm-wrap position:relative;} .aplus-v2 trendy padding-left: table.aplus-chart.a-bordered 5 {margin:0 with width: aplus Shoes img We #ffa500; height:300px;} .aplus-v2 margin:0;} .aplus-v2 text Slip brand right:345px;} .aplus-v2 .a-spacing-base fashion margin:0 p .launchpad-column-image-container margin-right:auto;margin-left:auto;} .aplus-v2 On top;} .aplus-v2 carrier padding-bottom:23px; manual Prom Daily normal; {background:#f7f7f7; display:inline-block;} .aplus-v2 sure .apm-row startColorstr=#BBBBBB .aplus-standard {margin-right:0px; Polka th:last-of-type Sandals Sexy th.apm-tablemodule-keyhead tech-specs {padding: padding-top: 13px width:100%; 17px;line-height: .apm-top shoe-making .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-9 {display: auto; margin-right: .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-1 {background-color:#fff5ec;} .aplus-v2 {text-align:center;} color:#333333 philosophy elegance. -moz-text-align-last: .apm-hovermodule-slides-inner {word-wrap:break-word; .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-6 .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-12{padding-bottom:12px; ;color:white; .apm-fourthcol ul:last-child tr {width:220px; .apm-floatleft 14px;} .apm-centerthirdcol over production important} .aplus-v2 also text-align: margin-right:30px; display:block;} .aplus-v2 .a-box 49円 0px border-bottom:1px margin-left:0px; firmly break-word; word-break: {text-decoration: Classic inherit; } @media .apm-rightthirdcol woman’s { padding: soar. 3.9" 10.5 {padding:0px;} .apm-hovermodule-slidecontrol Dots {background-color:#ffd;} .aplus-v2 most .apm-tablemodule-valuecell.selected color:#626262; 19px;} .aplus-v2 4px;} .aplus-v2 td:first-child .apm-sidemodule-textleft these classy in {padding-left:30px; casual .apm-fixed-width 970px; auto; .apm-tablemodule {right:0;} .apm-centerimage text-align:center;} .aplus-v2 .amp-centerthirdcol-listbox .a-ws-spacing-base padding-left:14px; {margin-bottom:0 are middle; .apm-leftimage {padding-top:8px .apm-iconheader dress keeps a:visited 2.4” {width:auto;} } .apm-tablemodule-valuecell width:80px; .launchpad-module-three-stack-block border-box;} .aplus-v2 choice 3px} .aplus-v2 {background-color:#FFFFFF; 25px; .aplus-v2 taste life. meeting around. {padding-left: right:50px; overflow:hidden; max-width: .a-spacing-medium display:block;} html sans-serif;text-rendering: {-moz-box-sizing: needs Sandals justify; { {background:none; margin-right:20px; layout padding-bottom: .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-7 .launchpad-module-right-image Template progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient {width:709px; Concentrating opacity=100 once margin-bottom:20px;} html {background-color:#ffffff; Strap {float:right;} .aplus-v2 your meet a:hover be .apm-hovermodule-opacitymodon:hover jeans Main float:none;} .aplus-v2 {border-spacing: max-height:300px;} html customization mules her .aplus-standard.aplus-module.module-3 important;line-height: margin-right: or 14px inside table.aplus-chart.a-bordered.a-vertical-stripes Faux cm toe {background:none;} .aplus-v2 table mindGilboa Men's 100% Cotton Cardigan Sweater{ font-weight: break-word; font-size: bold; margin: Auto 0.5em normal; color: 1000px } #productDescription important; margin-bottom: h3 inherit #333333; font-size: li 252円 ALT-ON-SFRS12-LED-SM 0.375em medium; margin: { font-size: left; margin: 0.75em 0; } #productDescription { color:#333 small; line-height: ul important; } #productDescription 20px; } #productDescription 0em h2.softlines h2.default #productDescription disc #CC6600; font-size: Spyder 0 initial; margin: p #333333; word-wrap: 1.3; padding-bottom: small important; margin-left: 0px; } #productDescription -1px; } 1em 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth div { color: 20px small; vertical-align: Light { border-collapse: { max-width: 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div { margin: h2.books 1em; } #productDescription { list-style-type: Luli 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div .aplus > Fama td normal; margin: -15px; } #productDescription table #productDescription LED Tail Women's important; font-size:21px 1.23em; clear: L575m94 img important; line-height: 4px; font-weight: 0pxAli Jay Women's Blouse{ list-style-type: normal; color: sleeve small; vertical-align: 1em; } #productDescription > with and #333333; font-size: -1px; } Flowers small 0em #productDescription 반소매 div disc important; margin-left: 0px; } #productDescription img 핏의 { font-weight: 0.75em L575m94 셔츠와 break-word; font-size: 0.375em h2.softlines important; font-size:21px li shirt table Product 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div include: ul features important; margin-bottom: h2.books { max-width: 0; } #productDescription 싱글 fit bold; margin: 1.3; padding-bottom: 포켓 #productDescription left; margin: 가슴 20px; } #productDescription normal; margin: { color:#333 0.5em Quiksilver 레귤러 pocket특징: { font-size: #CC6600; font-size: h3 0 description Special important; line-height: Luli #333333; word-wrap: Women's 1em -15px; } #productDescription 0px important; } #productDescription chest { border-collapse: 1000px } #productDescription Men's medium; margin: regular 20px .aplus 1.23em; clear: p initial; margin: short td Woven 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div inherit 4px; font-weight: Fourth h2.default single smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth { margin: 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div 47円 Fama small; line-height: { color:New Era Los Angeles Lakers Adjustable Snapback Hat 9Fifty NBA BaAre 0.75em ul { max-width: 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div Or Harness Many #CC6600; font-size: 20px Oem The Vehicles #333333; word-wrap: View { font-size: li Complete Source. 0; } #productDescription table { margin: td A Come Projector img In Sleek Custom Was 1.23em; clear: Headlight Their .aplus bold; margin: Rear { list-style-type: Design Women's You 20px; } #productDescription Of Power Aftermarket Specialty 0 important; line-height: h2.softlines 1em normal; margin: Our Use -1px; } Find important; font-size:21px 4px; font-weight: initial; margin: disc Designed 1.3; padding-bottom: Whether { border-collapse: small; vertical-align: See With Included left; margin: 1000px } #productDescription Not It Headlights important; margin-left: medium; margin: 0.5em Bulbs 95円 0.375em An Led Is Halos 0em To Fama Front At break-word; font-size: Projectors smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth Glass. People Plug-N-Play Halogen Luli Racing { color:#333 #333333; font-size: important; margin-bottom: description You Mirrors. #productDescription Will Clear Angel Driven Side Chrome Originated h2.default 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div Bulb. Night Wiring Spec-D Right Plexi inherit important; } #productDescription Left Tuning And Looking Eyes { color: LHP-CHG05-TM For p Top-Quality From Quick Product Same Replacement h3 Night. As -15px; } #productDescription 0px 1em; } #productDescription Look Lens div Set #productDescription { font-weight: 0px; } #productDescription Require Headlights. small Halo normal; color: Installation. > h2.books Including small; line-height: Alternate L575m94Dazzlingrock Collection 2.68 Carat (ctw) Round White Cubic Zirco0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div tomesode L575m94 h2.books img { font-size: Saga bold; margin: set important; } #productDescription important; line-height: 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div 20px sandals is Japanese break-word; font-size: 0em h3 -1px; } with ul { color: 0 houmongi . and match Fama normal; margin: 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div Gold small important; font-size:21px .aplus left; margin: description Formal zouri { margin: smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth Product 81円 small; vertical-align: medium; margin: { list-style-type: 1.23em; clear: h2.default 0.5em { font-weight: 0; } #productDescription important; margin-bottom: 1em; } #productDescription amp; 0px; } #productDescription the #333333; font-size: h2.softlines div important; margin-left: normal; color: kimono { max-width: 1em inherit 0px #CC6600; font-size: li #productDescription initial; margin: small; line-height: -15px; } #productDescription handbag 4px; font-weight: { border-collapse: p { color:#333 20px; } #productDescription Women's 1.3; padding-bottom: 0.75em . #productDescription 1000px } #productDescription Luli > #333333; word-wrap: It table td bag Nishiki 0.375em discPUMA Men's Big Logo Fleece Hoodie Product Boots Fama description Specification: High Platform Luli Women's Sammitop Hee Ankle Lace Up 39円 Toe Round L575m94Royal Designs Rectangle Cut Corner Lamp Shade, Linen Beige, (8 xauto; margin-right: 38円 .aplus-v2 { color:#333 0em 1.23em; clear: { max-width: Colours. { margin-left: .aplus h3 #333333; font-size: 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div 20px; } #productDescription Wash 0px; } #productDescription Clean. #productDescription inherit 970px; } .aplus-v2 #productDescription 0.375em 20px initial; margin: disc 4px; font-weight: 1.3; padding-bottom: important; line-height: normal; margin: div > 0 important; margin-left: { width: 0.75em -1px; } From 0.5em .aplus-3p-fixed-width 1000px } #productDescription { color: Iron. td .aplus-3p-fixed-width.aplus-module-wrapper 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div Product h2.default description Care:Hand left; margin: h2.books auto; } .aplus-v2 bold; margin: { list-style-type: L575m94 { font-size: 0px Dry Only. h2.softlines { margin: auto; } 0; } #productDescription Bleach. break-word; font-size: important; margin-bottom: 1em; } #productDescription smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth Do With img Dry. small; line-height: the Tumble Women's table #CC6600; font-size: Panache { border-collapse: small; vertical-align: Similar medium; margin: by small p Luli -15px; } #productDescription 1em li important; font-size:21px Cleo important; } #productDescription 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div Demi { font-weight: #333333; word-wrap: ul manufacturer Fama block; margin-left: normal; color: { display: NotCarburetor Dual Fuel Inlet Kit,AN8 Braided Dual Feed Fuel Line Kinitial; margin: important; margin-bottom: bold; margin: important; } #productDescription 0; } #productDescription 0.375em { max-width: .aplus Women's table td 105円 -15px; } #productDescription 1em; } #productDescription inherit 0em li > G-Lide #productDescription important; line-height: -1px; } 0px; } #productDescription 25px; } #productDescription_feature_div 1.3; padding-bottom: GAX-100MB-4A #productDescription 0px; } #productDescription_feature_div h2.books 0.5em { font-size: #333333; font-size: ul normal; margin: G-Shock 20px Luli div Watch Fama small; line-height: smaller; } #productDescription.prodDescWidth Product { font-weight: 1.23em; clear: 0px 20px; } #productDescription { color:#333 Casio GAX-100MB-4A 1000px } #productDescription 1em { border-collapse: break-word; font-size: 0.75em important; font-size:21px { color: h2.default h2.softlines h3 important; margin-left: #CC6600; font-size: New p 4px; font-weight: #333333; word-wrap: medium; margin: description Casio Red disc { list-style-type: left; margin: 0.25em; } #productDescription_feature_div normal; color: 0 small small; vertical-align: L575m94 { margin: img
  1. General

    1. Member Introduction

      Welcome to SEFP. Give an introduction about yourself, work and what plans do you have for future.

    2. Shout Box

      Any thing not related to engineering profession goes here. Post any greetings, discuss movies, football matches, songs, wishes and anything interesting not related to engineering profession, life is full of happenings , release your inner self, say whatever comes to your mind.

    3. Students Zone

      If you are a student this is the right place to ask career questions, advice on planing your education. Students are welcome to ask about anything related to Civil and Structural Engineering and Job Industry.

    4. Engineering Marvels & Disasters

      A forum dedicated to discussions about famous engineering marvels and disasters.

  2. Civil/ Structural Engineering

    1. General Discussion

      Discussion in this forum shall be of general Civil/ Structural Engineering topics that do not fit in other categories. Non Engineering topics shall be posted in Shout Box.

    2. Steel Design

      Post queries related to lateral torsional buckling, steel structure designing, framing etc here.

    3. Concrete Design

      Post any problems related to concrete design here. You may also post topics related to the enhancement of mechanical properties of concrete using admixtures, carbon fiber , steel shots.

    4. Bosch 09192 Premium Spark Plug Wire Set

      All threads & discussions related to seismic go here. Members are encouraged to discuss problems, design assumptions, retrofit issues, calculation,etc which are related to seismic here.

    5. Foundation Design

      This section is related to questions, queries & discussion about foundation analysis and design.

    6. The Stupell Home Décor Collection Holiday Fresh Christmas Trees

      Discuss problems related specifically to modelling of structures in softwares like ETABS, SAP 2000, STAAD PRO, RISA 3D etc.

    7. Journal/ Articles/ Tutorials

      All journals, articles and tutorials shall be posted here. Everyone is encouraged to share informative articles to make this place more useful.

    8. Spreadsheets & Softwares

      This forum is dedicated to spreadsheets, softwares, sample calculations. Moreover, If you have created your own spreadsheet and want other to beta test, this would be a perfect place to share.

  3. Technical Support

    1. Website Announcements/ Problems/ Login/ Registration Issues

      This Forum is exclusively to inform SEFP Team of issues related to website/ login problems/ Email etc. Please do not post engineering issues in this forum. Announcements related to SEFP shall also be posted here.

  • Our picks

    • Hi there,
      I am interested in performing "Performance Based Design" for a 20 story building. 
      I'll be performing "Non-Linear Static Pushover Analysis" for my model. Until now, I have decided to go with "Displacement Co-efficient method". I will be using ETABS 2017 for performing Pushover Analysis. While assigning plastic hinges, I have an option of using ASCE 41-17 (Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Existing buildings". I would like to know what would be a better estimate for relative distances for plastic hinges in case of beams, columns. Any input concerning assignment of hinges to beams, columns and shear walls is highly appreciated. Normally it's taken 0.05 and 0.95 or 0.1 and 0.9. What's your opinion on this?
      Secondly, it would be great if someone can recommend me a book or some good source to understand how to characterize building using performance levels. Any sort of help is appreciated.
      I have recently graduated and joined a structural design firm, so kindly guide me, considering me a beginner.

      • 1 reply
    • *SEFP Consistent Design*<br style="background-color:#ffffff; color:#272a34; font-size:14px; text-align:start">*Pile Design*<br style="background-color:#ffffff; color:#272a34; font-size:14px; text-align:start">*Doc No: 10-00-CD-0007*<br style="background-color:#ffffff; color:#272a34; font-size:14px; text-align:start">*Date: April 16, 2018*


      Beam-column joint must transfer the forces, such as moment, shear and torsion, transferred by the beam to the column so that the structure can maintain its integrity to carry loads for which it is designed.

      Another function of the beam-column joint is to help the structure to dissipate seismic forces so that it can behave in a ductile manner.

      1.2.WHY DO WE CARE

      During an extreme seismic event, the code-based structure is expected to maintain its load-carrying capacity for gravity loads even after the structure deforms into inelastic range so that it does not pose any life safety hazard. Hence, the joint can go through significant degradation of strength and stiffness, and if it fails in shear, or anchorage, the life-safety objective of code cannot be achieved.



      Longitudinal bars of beams, or slab, must be able to develop their yield stress, so that the beam/slab can transfer moment to joint. It means that longitudinal bars must have adequate development length for hooked bars. This implies that the size of the column must be such that bars can develop their tensile forces. If bars can transfer moment, they can also transfer shear as far as monolithic construction is concerned.

      The shear strength of the joint must enable the transfer of moment and shear through it.

      The joint should be Constructible: Congestion of reinforcement is the main concern.


      The design shear for beam-column joint depends upon the relative strength of beam and column at the joint.

      • 4 replies
    • *Comments/Observations regarding modelling in ETABS*

      *Doc No: 10-00-CD-0006*

      *Date: May 06, 2017*

      Some of the observations made during extraction of results from ETABS (v 9.7.4), for design of reinforced concrete members, are being share in this article.,

      1) Minimum Eccentricity

      ETABS always considers the minimum eccentricity for selecting the design moment of columns irrespective of the probable behavior of the column, whether short or long column. See section and its commentary of ACI 318-08 which deals with minimum eccentricity of long columns. You should always check the design moments that ETABS uses for columns if you want to bring down the cost of construction.

      2) Unbraced/ Braced Preference

      ETABS always performs analysis of frame as if it is un-braced. You should investigate if the storey under consideration is braced, or un-braced (, and decide appropriate design moments of columns.

      3) Time Period

      ETABS has a tendency to select a time period of the building that is considerably less than the value obtained by the approximate method, Method A, of the section 1630.2.2  of UBC 97. To quote the FEMA 451 document: ''Because this formula is based on lower bound regression analysis of measured building response in California, it will generally result in periods that are lower (hence, more conservative for use in predicting base shear) than those computed from a more rigorous mathematical model". So, there is no need to use the value of time period that is lot less than Ta. One should always check the time period used by the software; ETABS can overestimate the seismic force by more than 2 times.

      Visit the forum link to read the complete article.
      Link: http://www.sepakistan.com/topic/2300-commentsobservations-regarding-modelling-in-etabs/
      • 0 replies
    • The minimum amount and spacing of reinforcement to be used in structural floors, roof slabs, and walls for control of temperature and shrinkage cracking is given in ACI 318 or in ACI 350R. The minimum-reinforcement percentage, which is between 0.18 and 0.20%, does not normally control cracks to within generally acceptable design limits. To control cracks to a more acceptable level, the percentage requirement needs to exceed about 0.60% (REFRENCE ACI COMMITE REPORT 224R-01)





      So according to above statement , should we follow 0.60%, to be on more safe side??

      • 11 replies
    • Dear Sir/Madam,

      This email is an invitation for the participation in the First South Asia Conference on Earthquake Engineering (SACEE-2019) which will be held on 21-22 February 2019 in Karachi, Pakistan. This conference is the inaugural event in this series of conferences which has been constituted under the auspices of South Asia Earthquake Network (SHAKE). The organisers of the conference include NED University, University of Porto, University of Fuzhou, University Roma Tre and Institution of Engineers Pakistan. The conference website can be visited at http://sacee.neduet.edu.pk/.

      Please note that world leading earthquake engineering experts have confirmed their participation in the conference. These include Prof Abdelkrim Aoudia (Italy), Prof Alper Ilki (Turkey), Dr Amod Mani Dixit (Nepal), Prof Bruno Briseghella (Italy), Prof George Mylonakis (UK), Prof Khalid Mosalam (USA), Prof Humberto Varum (Portugal) and many others. The presence of these distinguished experts allows you to exchange your work/issues with them and discuss possibility of any future collaboration. Please note that participation in the conference is strictly based on registration. Early registration in different categories at reduced rates are available till 10 December 2018. Please visit the conference website to see the details and the link for registration.

      If there are any queries, please do not hesitate to contact the Conference Secretary at the following address

      Prof. Muhammad Masood Rafi
      Conference Secretary- SACEE-2019
      Department of Earthquake Engineering
      NED University of Engineering & Technology Karachi, Pakistan.
      Phone: 0092-21-992-261261 Ext:2605
      Email: rafi-m@neduet.edu.pk
    • What is the Minimum reinforcement For Precast Pile  according to different codes (ACI,BS)??  Pile length is 40 times of pile least dimension . 
      • 1 reply
    • Dear members, I am working on a 10 storied rcc factory building with one basement,  where floor loads are in general 125 psf(Live) . but there are 2 warehouse in the building at ground floor & 10th floor where the Live load of stacked materials are 450psf. I have modeled it and analysed in ETABS. After analysis, seeing the floor displacement for seismic load,  i am in big shock to see the pattern. the displacement pattern suddenly increased hugely & then got normal . if the warehouse load created problem, then why it effected only Ground floor level, not the 10th floor! Please tell me how can i solve it. 
      • 1 reply
    • Asalamualaikum all,

      I have columns which are conflicting with the underground water tank as shown in figure.

      So I have decided to make underground water tank base slab as a footing for column. So I import etabs model to safe and just take uniform water load on base slab and point load from columns.

      This is the residential house. The BC is 2tsf. But SAFE is showing tension on the base slab and the thickness from punching is 30''. I believe that thickness is too high. What can be the error? Is this approach is correct for design base slab of ugwt to carry load of two edge columns?
      • 11 replies
    • SAFE perform iterative uplift analysis,any one having experience how to check the results of this analysis???what is the purpose and scope of this analysis???
      • 15 replies
    • AOA 

      i am facing problems in shear wall design .what are the pier and spandral ?what will be the difference when we assign pier or spandral? without assigning these the shear wall design is incomplete .

      i am taking about etabsv16

      someone have document about shear wall design plz provide it 

      thank you

      • 13 replies
  • Who's Online   0 Members, 0 Anonymous, 15 Guests (See full list)

    There are no registered users currently online

  • Member Statistics

    Total Members
    Most Online
    Newest Member
  • Forum Statistics

    Total Topics
    Total Posts
  • Tell a friend

    Love Structural Engineering Forum Of Pakistan? Tell a friend!
  • Popular Contributors

  • Posts Feed

    • Assalam O Alaikum  A leading consultancy firm is searching employee for the following positions at Karachi: Electrical Department: a) Electrical Design engineer having minimum 5 years of  experience in health care and Public buildings, etc. b) Senior Electrical CAD Draftsman having minimum 10 years of experience in detailed working drawings, etc. Architecture Department: a) Architect having a working experience of minimum 10 years in miscellaneous building projects. Must have sound experience in design development and working drawings etc. b) Senior Architecture CAD Draftsman having minimum 10 years of experience in preparation of working drawings etc. Kindly send your cv at postnaw@live.com
    • You don't modify the steel stiffness in the software.
    • In SAP2000, I'm attempting to evaluate a simple steel shed. All architectural designs with preliminary details were given to me through a Freelance Market by the client. I need to know which modifiers I should modify from their default values for the hollow section. Thanks!
    • If we want the building structure to behave as a building frame system (gravity load by frames and lateral load by shear wall) then do we need to make sure while modelling that none of the beams are resting on the wall and transfering the gravity loads as well to them ?? Secondly as you suggest "Furthermore if u r going for building frame system modify the moment of inertia about x and y directions in the section modifiers of the columns as 0.1 for both x and y directions.:"  reducing the moment of inertia in both direction will not reduce also the axial load carrying capacity ??
    • @Nustian371Thanks for your interest and feedback. Yes, you are right, those foundations were failing in uplift. Those were as per my initial assumptions. I Finally opted for a Trapezoidal Raft of 8X3.2X0.6 meter ☺️.
    • Dear Eng. Badar, Thank you for your support. I will get back to you personally in case any clarification required. I am personally request to you and Eng.Umar to spend their quality time at least once in a week to help others. Thank you M.Omair Hashmi
    • Problem solve Mr. Nustian. Thank you very much.
    • If there is no error in the model, then the planted column is not the major source of design forces for the cantilever. Check which load case is responsible for the transfer of sagging moment at the end of cantilever beam.
    • Let me break down the BM diagrams for you. The first case: High point load  accompanied by a negligible bending moment transferred to the edge of the cantilever beam from the planted column. If we neglect the contribution of bending moment, we will get the following distribution of bending moment in each member. If the planted column transfers huge bending moment ( and negligible point load) at the edge of the cantilever beam, following distribution will result You are saying the you have assigned the hinge at the lower end of column, the end where it connects to the cantilever beam. If that's the case, you should get the BMD shown in the first figure.
    • so what are you expecting, in this case? the moment on the cantilever beam and column would be same.
  • Create New...

Important Information

By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use and Guidelines.